Indonesia scores above global average in UL Safety Index™
Indonesia has maintained a safety index above the global average for the past seven years according to a report by UL (Underwriters Laboratories), a global safety-science company. The report unveiled an update to its UL Safety Index™ and provided an in-depth analysis of the state of safety in Indonesia and other countries in the world. The latest UL Safety Index™ included additional data sets around new safety aspects such road safety.
The UL Safety Index™ provides a snapshot of a country’s relative safety performance based on three measurable drivers of safety: institutional drivers (e.g., economics and education), safety frameworks (current regulations and safety infrastructure), and safety outcomes (unintentional injuries and deaths). A total of 187 countries were surveyed and each received an overall Safety Index assessment number between zero and 100.
The Netherlands and Norway, followed by Australia, Sweden, and Canada, have the highest overall UL Safety Index™ values. Meanwhile, Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines hold the highest safety index score in Southeast Asia. Indonesia ranks average at the 82nd position, with its score remaining stagnant in the past few years at 64 on the scale of 0-100, with 100 being the best. The score indicates that Indonesia has developing socioeconomic conditions and preventative safety measures. This places Indonesia squarely in the middle tier of countries in Southeast Asia.
“Our mission is to advance safe living and working environments for people in Indonesia and around the world and to encourage robust conversation around public health and safety,” said David Wroth, Director, Data Science – Underwriters Laboratories. “Our findings illustrate that Indonesia can maintain its performance to improve safety. Our aim is to contribute to decision making about safety issues by Indonesian policy makers and other stakeholders and to support the identification of investment priorities for improving safety levels.
Indonesia’s Safety Index Score is Relatively Stable
The UL Safety Index™ findings point to indicators that have contributed to Indonesia’s stable safety index. Firstly, Indonesia’s strong economic growth has continued to help improve public health and safety. The country’s GDP per capita improved by 5.07% in 2017 according to the country’s Central Statistics Agency (BPS), and much has been reinvested into better infrastructure and programs. As individual incomes have risen, Indonesian citizens are better to afford higher-quality and safer products.
Secondly, Indonesia’s efforts in applying various rules regarding safety standards highly contributed to the level of safety index in Indonesia. For example, Indonesia has applied the rules of building and life safety or fire codes to communicate and enforce minimum design and construction standards. The standards also included detailed requirements for materials, components, products, and systems. Indonesia’s participation in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the proper use of standardization requirements in designing safety regulations gives Indonesia a maximum score of 100 in codes and standards.
Opportunities for Improvement in Indonesia
Improvement in consumer protection, which scored relatively low at 57 in the UL Safety Index™, can increase the level of safety in Indonesia. Policy makers need to take note of regulations and implementation of product standards, the clear marking and labeling of products, market monitoring and surveillance schemes, product recall programs, and oversight by regulatory agencies.
The UL Safety Index™ reported that road traffic injuries, including pedestrian, motorcycle, and truck crashes, account for the vast majority of transport injuries in Indonesia and around the world. In Indonesia specifically, a large portion of fatal road crashes involves motorcycles. While the enforcement of its national motorcycle helmet law is considered good, there are indications that additional efforts can be made to improve safety on Indonesia’s roads, such as improving vehicle safety standards or the enforcement of laws for various driving conditions.
As the country continues to progress, there are still opportunities to further enhance safety and perform even better in the future. The three sectors that need the most improvement in Indonesia are road safety, labor protection, and consumer protection.
Indonesia’s Institutions and Resources Driver score of 49 falls within the normal range of the global average, and the Indicator scores vary from 41 to 57, with Wealth having the lowest value and Education the highest. The Driver score indicates that Indonesia has the basic institutional, human, and financial resources to cope with negative unintentional injury outcomes.
Indonesia also needs improvement in labor protection, which scored only 34 out of 100. Indonesia has to take the necessary steps to ensure the
proper protection of its workforce. Unintentional deaths and injuries in the
workplace are significant contributors to overall safety outcomes. Safety
outcomes can be partially correlated with the extent to which a society
implements measures to protect its workforce from workplace safety hazards.
Global UL Safety Index™ Highlights
Globally, key highlights from the latest UL Safety Index include:
- Among all factors, institutional drivers such as economic and educational levels had the greatest impact on the overall UL Safety Index™ values. For example, while India has moderately high safety frameworks in place (greater than 73), its lack of strong institutions and resources (less than 43) brought down its overall UL Safety Index™ value to 63.
- Overall, Japan had the highest UL Safety Index™ value (89) of all countries in the East Asian region, with the lowest rates of transport injuries and poisonings.
- The United States maintained a strong overall safety value of 89 – slightly less than last year’s value of 91. The US scored 69 for road safety frameworks, behind countries like Malaysia, Finland, and Argentina.
“With road traffic crashes the single largest cause of unintentional injuries and deaths around the world, we felt it was imperative to include an indicator to measure road safety efforts,” said Wroth. “Safety is a system in which multiple moving parts play a role, and the outcomes of our research demonstrate how each part is interconnected. We look forward to seeing continued progress in safety outcomes in Indonesia and around the world.”
For access to the updated UL Safety Index™, including background on the Index’s methodology, visit www.ULSafetyIndex.org.