Labor Protections


Unintentional death and injury in the workplace is a significant contributor to overall safety outcomes. Safety outcomes can be partially correlated with the extent to which a society implements measures to protect its workforce from workplace safety hazards.

The UL Labor Rights Indicator (LRI) examines the extent to which a country has taken the steps necessary to ensure the proper protection of its workforce. The LRI is derived from the work conducted by Dr. David Kucera of the International Labor Organization and has been expanded to include additional indicators such as the strength of government efforts to enforce labor law provisions and legal consequences for non-compliance with labor laws. While not a direct measure of occupational safety and health (OSH), the ability for workers to organize and the extent to which countries adhere to laws on the books is associated with more favorable OSH outcomes.

The LRI’s categories and its weights are based on 37 core labor rights regularly monitored by three highly-recognized sources: the International Trade Union Confederation’s (ITUC) Annual Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights, the International Labour Organization’s (ILO) Reports of the Committee on Freedom of Association, and the U.S. State Department’s Country Reports on Human Rights Practices.

Country Score Bar Score