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Foreign Body

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Foreign Bodies Indicator pertains to external objects entering the body through the skin, eyes, and ears; inhalation, ingestion, or penetration of food or other bodies via the digestive pathway; and other threats to the air passageway and breathing.

In children, foreign bodies can pose a greater suffocation hazard than adults because their airway anatomy and physiology is different compared to adults. To name a few, a child's tongue is larger than adults' in relation to the mouth, their epiglottis is shorter and stiffer, and children have a narrower airway diameter than adults. Such anatomical differences in children creates a greater risk of airway occlusion for choking or swelling, so ensuring children’s products minimize small ingestible parts is an important way to reduce these injuries.

In the Foreign Bodies Indicator, Qatar, Singapore, Iceland, New Zealand, and Netherlands rank the highest while Chad, Guinea-Bissau, Somalia, Tonga, and Angola need most areas of improvement.

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