Poisoning Indicator classifies injuries due to ingesting drugs, food, or toxic chemicals. Drugs can include medicines (prescription and over the counter), illegal substances, and alcohol. However, suicide and intentional poisoning incidents are excluded from the Poisoning Indicator. According to 2016 data, an estimated 63,580 people died worldwide from unintentional poisoning. Of these deaths, the majority occurred in low- and middle-income countries. In the same year, unintentional poisoning caused the loss of over 3.6 million years of healthy life (disability adjusted life years, DALYs).

Poison prevention strategies include reducing the number of toxins present in our home and work environments (e.g. lead paint), securing prescription medicines away from children, strictly regulating chemical transportation, and use of protective equipment while using pesticides. Community based Poison Centers can aid in the prevention and response to this risk.

In the Poisoning Indicator, the Maldives, Brazil, the State of Palestine, Bahrain and Barbados rank the highest while Moldova, the Russian Federation, Zimbabwe, the Ukraine and Lithuania need most improvement.

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